Do I have to pay back missed fasting due to illness?

Do I have to pay back missed fasting due to illness?

Assalamualaikum warahamatullahi wabarakatuhu
I have been diagnosed with ulcer and due to that I have been told by a doctor to stop fasting for two years because I tried fasting a particular year but it was not easy for me and due to that the doctor prescribed that I should stop fasting for two years.

Now I tried fasting after the two years and Alhamdulillah it was easy but I had some little challenge. I want to find out if I have to pay back the missed fasting that I couldn’t get during the two years and is my fasting for the other year valid?

 

ANSWER

Wa alaikum assalam warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu,
Alhamdulillah that you are in better health now and able to fast. May Allah grant you complete shifa (healing) and accept your efforts.

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Regarding your situation, here are some points based on Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh):

1• Missed Fasts Due to Illness:
– If you were unable to fast due to a legitimate medical reason, such as a doctor’s advice due to an ulcer, you are permitted to break your fast or not fast at all during that period.
– The Quran states in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:184): “But if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days.”

 

2• Making Up Missed Fasts (Qada):
– If you missed fasting due to illness, you are generally required to make up (qada) those missed fasts once you are able to do so.
– Since you have now found it easier to fast, you should try to make up the missed fasts from the two years when you were unable to fast. It is recommended to do this as soon as possible but without causing harm to your health.

 

3• Fidya (Compensation):
– If someone is permanently unable to fast due to a chronic illness or old age, they are required to offer fidya (a form of compensation) by feeding a poor person for each day of fasting missed.
– However, since your condition was temporary and you have now regained the ability to fast, fidya would not apply in your case. Instead, you should focus on making up the missed fasts.

 

4• Validity of Current Fasts:
– Your current fasts are valid as long as you are observing them correctly and fulfilling all the requirements of fasting in Islam.
– The fasts you are currently performing do not replace the missed fasts from the previous years; you will need to make up those missed fasts separately.

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